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合理归因

fabushijian:2016/1/5 10:42:46 zuozhe:shangzongfa liulanliang:9469ci

合理归因

xunengjun

[理念阐述]

yigerenbatahuotadechenggonghuoshibaiguiyinyushenme,zheihuiyingxiangdaorenduijinhouxingweiderenshi,ruobashibaiguiyinyuwendingdeyuanyinrunenglibuzu,zedangshibaishiyibanbuhuizaiquzhengqushengli;ruorenweishibaishibuwendingyuanyinzaochengde,rurenweishizijinulibugou,zejiangqingxiangyutongguozainuli,yiqiuchenggong。

meiguoxinlixuejiaweinabaguiyinfenweisangeweidu:

1.yuanyinlaiyuan,jidangshirenrenweiyingxiangguiyinlilunshirenmenyonglaijieshizijihuotarenxingweiyinqichengbaiyinsudelaiyuan,shixiyugerentiaojian(neikongde),haishilaiziwaizaihuanjing(waikongde);

2.wendingxing,jidangshirenzirenyingxiangqiyingxiangchengbaideyuanyin,zaixingzhishangshifouwending,shifouzaileisiqingkuangxiajuyouyizhixing;

3.kekongxing,jidangshirenrenweiyingxiangqichengbaideyinsu,nengfouyougerenyiyuansuojueding。

genjuweinadeguandian,jiangzheisangeweiduhesigexingweizerenyinsujieheweisanweiduguiyinmoshi。ji:

neibuwendingbukekongyinsu:nengliqiang——chongmanxinxin、zhigaoqiyang

                        nengliruo——sangshixinxin、tingzhirenzhi

neibubuwendingkekongyinsu:nuli——jixunulizhengquzaisheng

                        nulibugou——xiangxinzhiyaonulijiunengchenggong

waibuwendingbukekongyinsu:renwunan——maiyuankeguan,jituojianqingrenwu

                        renwuyi——tixingzijirenzhenxuexi

waibubuwendingbukekongyinsu:yunqihao——jiaoxing

                          yunqibuhao——zirendaomei

xueshengzongshiyouyiwuyididuizijidexuexichengji、renjijiaowangdengxunzhaoyuanyin,xueshengduizijideguiyinfangshibujinfanyingzhetamenxunzhaoxuexichengjijieguodeqingxiang,erqiehaihuiyingxiangdaoxueshengdexuexidongji,shenzhiyingxiangdaoqirengetedian。yincibangzhuxueshenglejiezijideguiyinleixing,yindaotamenduizijixuexichengji、renjijiaowangdengjinxinghelideguiyin,duijifaxueshengdexuexijijixing、peiyanglianghaoderengetezhengxiandehenzhongyao。

[活动目标]

1、rangxueshengrenshidaobuheliguiyinchanshengdebuliangyingxiang

 2、rangxueshenglejiezijideguiyintedian

    3、yindaoxueshengxuehuizhengquejijideguiyin

[活动准备]

youxidaoju:zhenxian   xueshengfenzu  xinliwenjuan  duomeitikejian

[活动设计]

huanjie

活动过程

设计意图

(一)

游戏导入:穿针引线

1、shuomingyouxiguize:

①meizupailiangweitongxuecanjia。②yiweitongxuenazhen,yiweitongxuenaxian,zai5miaozhongneijiangxianchuanguozhenkong。

③yaoqiu:kaishiqianlianggerendoubixujiangshoufangxia,shijiandaoshinazhendetongxuebixufangshou。

④qitatongxuejiandu,yongshu“5、4、3、2、1ting”laibangzhujishi。

2、xunzhaoyouxizhongchenggongheshibaideyuanyin

qingcanjiayouxidetongxuejiangjiangchenggonghuozheshibaideyuanyin,yeqingtongzudeqitatongxuefabiaokanfa。

3、jiaoshizongjie,bingyinchuzhuti:heliguiyin

guiyin:guiyinjiandandijiangjiushixunzhaoyuanyin,jiniduixuexi、gongzuochengbaideyuanyinzuochupanduan。jintianzheitangkewomenjiulaitantaoxiaruhejinxinghelidiguiyin。

通过简单而有趣的游戏创设轻松的课堂气氛,并由此引入课题。

(二)

归因自评

1、fafangwenjuan

2、shuoming:

①xuanzefuhezijishijiqingkuangdexiangmu,ruguonirenweihaiyouqitayuanyin,qingxiezaiwenjuanxiamiande“qita”lanlimian。

②zainisuoxuandeneirongzhongzaixuanchuwugezuizhuyaode,jiangtamenyizhaozhongyaodecixutianxie(xietihaojike)。

通过问卷的方式了解学生的归因方式。

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(三)

各抒己见

chengxianlianggeqingjing,zuzhixueshengduiqijinxingtaolun:

1.qingjingyi:xiaoxicongxiaojiushifumudezhangshangmingzhu,youyuxuexichengjiyouyi,zaichuzhonghaidanrenbanzhang,tongxuemenduitayeshi“qianhuhouyong”deyangzi。kexihaojingbuzhang,daolegaozhong,xiaoxizaiyezhaobudaoneizhongzhongxingpengyuedeganjuele:susheliderenjuedetashenmeshidoubugan,buxihuanta,shenbiandetongxuejuedetataiguaoyedoubuaidalita。xiaoxigudanjile:wohaishiyiqiandewoya!weishenmetamendoubuliwoni?kendingshitamenzhenduiwo、paijiwo,hailianheqilaiqifuwo!

sikao:xiaoxishiruheguiyinde?

      niruhekandaixiaoxideguiyin?

2.xueshengbiaoyanqingjinger:

pangbai:kaoshihou,gaoyimoubandeliangweitongxuezaijiaoshilizuozaiyiqi,xianliaoqilai:

jia:ai!zheishuzhendudekua!

yi:wei,zheicikaoshikaodezenyang?

jia:ai,bietile,zhenshicanburendua!liankudeyongqidoumeile。

yi:nipingshigounulide,zenmehuimeikaohaoni?

jia:shia……chuzhongshi“xiwangzhixing”,gaoyijiuchengle“liuxing”!ai,kanlaizijizhendebushixuexidecailiaoa,zainuliyekongpameiyongle!——nini?

yi:wo?wogenniyiyang:chuzhongyesuan“xiwangzhixing”, xianzaijiuchengle“saozhouxing”!danshiworenweizijibuben,zhisuoyiluodejintianzheidibu,doudeguailaoshimeiyoubawomenguanhaojiaohao!nixiang,xueshengmeixuehao,buguailaoshi,hainengguaisheini?

taolun:tamenshiruheguiyinde?

          tamenyihouhuizenmezuo?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

“他山之石,可以攻玉”,用具体的事例启发学生考。

(四)

问卷分析

guoduyu:shuobierenrongyishuozijinan,tongxuemenduiyubierendeguiyinfangshidoufabiaolezijidekanfa,xianzaifanguotoulaikankantongxuemenzijideguiyinyouyoushenmeyangdetedian。

1、zuzhixueshengjinxingwenjuanfenxi

①tongjijieguo:danshutizhong,nida“√ ”deyoujige?

shuangshutizhong,nida“√ ”deyoujige?

②shuomingjieguo:

ruguonigengduodixuanzedanshutihaodexuanxiang,nikenengshiyigewaibukongzhideren,yejiushishuonitongchangxiguanbazijichenggongheshibaideyuanyinguiyuwaibutiaojianhehuanjing;

ruguonixuanzededaduoshishuangshutihaodexuanxiang,neishuomingnishanyucongzijineibuxunzhaoyuanyin,nishiyigeneibukongzhideren。

ruguonidedanshutiheshuangshutichabuduo,zheishuomingnibushidianxingdeneibukongzhihuowaibukongzhideren。

2、lilunfenxi

①jiaoshishuoming:xinlixuejiaweinarenweiwomenyibanbayuanyinguijieweiyixiajigefangmian:nengli、nuli、renwunandu、yunqideng。tongxuemenkankanzijisuoliechudewugezhongyaoyuanyinshibushizheijige?ruguohaiyouqitade,bataguizai“qita”xiangli。(kejianchushibiaoge。)bingqie,tabarenmenguinadezheixieyuanyinjinxinglefenlei:conglaiziyuneibuhewaibujiangtafenweineiyinhewaiyin,congtanengbunengbeiwomengerenyiyuansuokongzhijiangtafenweikekonghebukekong。

归因类别

成败归因向度

yinsulaiyuan

kekongxing

nei

wai

kekong

bukekong

nengli

 

 

nuli

 

 

renwunandu

 

 

yunqi

 

 

qita

 

 

 

 

②shishenggongtongwanchengyuanyindefenlei。

③qinggebiexueshengshuoshuotarenweizuizhongyaodeyuanyin,bingtantanzijiyizhaozheiyangdeguiyinjinhouhuizenmezuo。

④tixingxueshengzhuyi“nuli”shiweiyiyigekekongdeyinsu。

⑤结合维纳的归因理论和你自己的归因特点,讨论:在归因的时候我们应该注意什么?

gaozhongshengderenzhinenglihezhishishuipingshidetamennenggoujieshouyidingchengdudelilunzhishi。weinadeguiyinliluntongguoliebiaodefangshichengxianjixuesheng,yishicushixueshengshenshizijideguiyintedian,ershixiwangtongguoxueshengdetaolunfenxinengmingbaiguiyinyingxiangxingwei。tongshi,yindaoxueshengzhuyikekongde“nuli”zheiyiyinsu,shililunnengjieheshiji,fahuixinlifudaokedegongneng。

 

(五)

课堂延伸

小组讨论分享:结合具体事例谈一谈你过去是如何归因的,现在看看是否合理。

检查课堂效果。

参考文献:

陈家麟,郭亨杰:《高中心理教育指导》.南京:南京师范大学出版社,2002.

 

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